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State Laws Require Pets To Be Restrained In Vehicles

Pet ownership and pet travel are on the rise! According to the 2017–2018 National Pet Owners Survey conducted by the American Pet Products Association (APPA), 85 million U.S. families own a pet, a 56% increase from 10 years ago. And 37% of pet owners travel with their pets every year – up from 19% a decade ago. In response to these growing trends, more states are considering pet car restraint laws.

Golden Retriever dog with his head out the window of a car where state requires pets to be restrained

 

Why We Need Pet Car Restraint Laws

Studies have shown that less than 20% of pet owners buckle up their furry companions when they travel. That translates into tens of millions of pets riding unrestrained in vehicles! Not only is this life threatening for the pets, it’s dangerous for their families and everyone else on the road.

Consider that, in a collision at 50 mph, an unrestrained 10-pound dog will create an impact with about 500 pounds of force. That’s more than enough to do serious damage to a human and the dog. Now, just imagine the injuries a dog Buster’s size could inflict in an accident!

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Buster in Sleepypod Harness

States Requiring Pets to be Restrained in Vehicles

Restraining pets is the best way to keep them, your family, and everyone else on the road safe. More states are exploring pet car restraint laws, but currently only New Jersey and Rhode Island require pets to buckle up.

New Jersey

In New Jersey, pets in moving vehicles must be secured in a carrier or wear a seat belt. Failure to comply can result in a fine of $250 to $1000.

Rhode Island

Rhode Island’s pet car restraint law states that pets in vehicles must be under the physical control of a person other than the driver, or be restrained by crates, harnesses, seat belts. Violations of this law carry fines up to $200.

 

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Ty in Sleepypod Click-It Harness | GoPetFriendly.com

 

Pets Causing Distractions in Cars

Although the following states don’t require pets to be restrained, they have enacted laws that could provide consequences for transporting unrestrained pets.

Arizona

Arizona drivers can be charged under distracted driving laws if they drive with an animal in their lap, or if a police officer determines the transportation method creates an unsafe situation.

Connecticut

Connecticut’s drivers can be charged under distracted driving laws if they drive with a pet in their lap. 

Hawaii

In Hawaii, drivers cannot hold in their lap, or allow to be in their immediate area, any person, animal, or object which interferes with their control over the driving mechanism of the vehicle.

Iowa

In Iowa, driving with an obstructed view is an operating violation that may carry a fine. And certainly having a pet on your lap could obstruct your view.

Maine

Drivers in Maine risk violating distracted-driving laws if they drive with a pet in their lap. 

Massachusetts

In Massachusetts, it is unlawful for drivers to allow anything on or in the vehicle which might interfere with or impede the proper operation of the vehicle. Certainly, having a pet on your lap could violate this law.

South Carolina

In South Carolina, drivers risk a ticket for negligence or another offense when driving with a pet in their lap, if an officer considers the situation unsafe.

Washington

Washington’s distracted driver statute doesn’t specifically mention unrestrained pets. However, lawmakers and police officers have mentioned having a loose pet or one riding on the driver’s lap as a potential distraction — one that may be considered a secondary violation if a driver is pulled over for another reason — but would not be enough to initiate a traffic stop.

Washington D.C.

Washington D.C.’s distracted driving law specifically mentions “interacting with pets” as a distraction that can result in a moving violation. The fine for a first offense is $100.

Wisconsin

In Wisconsin, driving with a pet on your lap violates the inattentive driving law.

 

Ambiguous State Laws Dealing With Pet Transportation

Alabama

Alabama’s animal cruelty laws may be invoked if a police officer determines the manner of transporting a pet violates animal welfare laws or endangers the pet.

Mississippi

Mississippi makes it a misdemeanor to “carry or confine in a cruel manner,” which could apply to transporting a pet without proper attention to safety.

Ohio

Ohio’s current cruelty to animals laws state that no person shall carry or convey an animal in a cruel or inhumane manner.

Oklahoma

Oklahoma’s cruelty to animals statutes state that it is a misdemeanor to carry an animal in a vehicle in a cruel or inhumane manner.

Tennessee

Tennessee’s cruelty to animals statues make it illegal to transport or confine an animal in a cruel manner.

Texas

The disorderly conduct laws in Texas state that it is an offense to transport or confine an animal in a cruel manner.

Utah

Under Utah’s anti-cruelty provisions, it is illegal to transport or confine an animal in a cruel manner.

Vermont

Vermont’s animal health regulations and animal transportation prohibit transporting any animal in a cruel or inhumane manner.

Virginia

Virginia’s laws require that owners provide adequate care for companion animals during transportation.

Washington

Washington’s animal cruelty laws make it a misdemeanor to transport animals in a way that would pose a risk to the animal or public safety.

Wisconsin

Wisconsin’s crimes against animals statutes make it illegal to transport an animal in or on a vehicle in a cruel manner.

 

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Possible Insurance Claim Denial

Beyond possible injuries and potential fines, there are additional consequences to consider when traveling with an unsecured pet. If you have an accident, and you did something that led to or caused it, your insurance company might deny your claim. Receiving a citation related to pet car restraint laws could give your insurance company cause to deny your claim. On top of any physical and emotional trauma, this situation could be financially devastating.

 

States Regulate Transportation of Pets in Open-Bed Trucks

Transporting a pet in the open bed of a truck is a disaster waiting to happen. Not only do pets fall out and get injured, but in an collision they have absolutely no protection. In addition, exposure to the weather can lead to heat exhaustion or hypothermia. And, in the sun, the floor can become hot enough to burn the pet’s paws.

The following states also make carrying unsecured animals in an open truck bed illegal:

  • Connecticut
  • Maine
  • Massachusetts
  • Minnesota
  • New Hampshire
  • Oregon
  • Washington

 

Making sure you all come home together is the most important part of pet travel. We hope that understanding the state pet car restraint laws encourages you to buckle up your pets when you hit the road!

 

Gear Used in This Post:
(Affiliate Links)

Alcott Martingale Collar

Alcott Weekender Leash

Sleepypod Clickit Car Safety Harness

See all the gear we use to make traveling with our pets easier, safer, and more fun!

 

 

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  • JG says:

    Are there restraint harnesses for cats?

    • Amy at GoPetFriendly.com says:

      Hi JG! To my knowledge, no company is specifically making crash-tested restraint harnesses for cats … yet! Right now, your best harness option would be one made for small dogs – which I know is not ideal. Otherwise, a secured carrier in your car is probably the safest way to travel with your cat. Wishing you safe and happy adventures!

  • J says:

    I was just rear ended and injured by a student who was driving who’s dog was not restrained in Indiana and she bent down trying to retrieve the dog. Cai I sud?

  • Amy at GoPetFriendly.com says:

    Thank you, Chandra! =)

  • Amy at GoPetFriendly.com says:

    Hi Cathy! I’d recommend contacting your representative in the Michigan legislature. Thank you, and good luck!

  • Hornibrook says:

    There is a tether that hooks into the seatbelt and hooks onto a harness on the dog. It’s adjustable and inexpensive. Petco or Petsmart. My dog is so much calmer riding in the backseat in his seatbelt!

    • Amy at GoPetFriendly.com says:

      Our dogs ride more comfortably in their seatbelts, too! I think it makes them feel more secure. You can also check the CenterForPetSafety.org for seat belt harnesses that have passed their crash tests. Waggin’ trails!

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